Adverbs in English
We use adverbs in English to describe a verb.
Adverbs in English have different uses.
- Adverbs of manner describe how something happens;
- Adverbs of place say where something happens;
- Adverbs of time say when or how often something happens; and,
- Adverbs of probability describe how sure we are about something that happens.
Adverbs in English – adverbs of manner
We use adverbs of manner to say how something happens (or how something is done).
The people at the party were chatting happily.
He ate his lunch quickly so he could get back to work.
Adverbs in English – adverbs of place
We use adverbs of place to say where something happens:
I have arranged to meet her there.
We lived in Tokyo for two years.
Adverbs in English – adverbs of time
We use adverbs of time to say when or how often something happens:
He starts work at 8am.
They usually go to the cinema on Tuesday evenings.
Adverbs in English – adverbs of probability
We use adverbs of probability to show how sure we are about something that happens.
- Maybe he‘ll call when he finishes work.
- He is definitely coming for dinner on Saturday.
Forming adverbs in English
A lot of adverbs in English can be formed from the adjective by adding -ly.
- hopeful – hopefully
- definite – definitely
- complete – completely
Though if the adjective ends in -y, it usually changes to -i.
- happy – happily
- easy – easily
- pretty – prettily
Adjectives that end in -le change to -ly after a consonant when forming the adverb.
- idle – idly
- able – ably
- humble – humbly
If the adjective form ends in -ic, in most cases you can add -ally to make the adverb.
tragic – tragically
periodic – periodically
Note: public – publicly is an exception to this rule.
Irregular adverbs in English
Here is a list of some commonly used adverbs that do not follow the rules above.
|good||well – He teaches well. NOT
|fast||fast – He drives so fast. NOT
|hard||hard – He trains hard three nights a week. NOT
|late||late – He arrived late. NOT
Click here to try the adverbs in English exercises.