Category Archives: Grammar

commonly-confused-words

Commonly confused words – GOOD or WELL?

Commonly confused words – GOOD or WELL?

Even among native speakers, it can be common to hear these two words used incorrectly. Although ‘well’ has other meanings (regarding health or a place where fresh water can be had), the focus here is on the differences between good and well.

Good / Well

‘Good’ is an adjective (it helps describe something) and ‘well’ is an adverb (it helps describe how something is done).

Commonly confused words - GOOD or WELL?For example:

  • Living in an English speaking country is a good way to improve your language skills (‘good’ is describing the way of improving your language skills)
  • I performed well in my job interview (‘well’ is describing how the speaker performed).

Test yourself! Select the correct answer from the list for each gap

  1. It is important to eatif you want to be fit and healthy.
  2. He playedduring the tournament even though he lost.
  3. It’sto check your tyres before going on a long car journey.
  4. Eurgh! This is horrible! I thought you said the soup here was!
  5. Juan can speak English, but he is not soat writing.
  6. She is afriend – she’s always there when I need her.
  7. Most people do not sleep veryif they drink coffee just before they go to bed.
Click here to see the answers
1. It is important to eat WELL if you want to be fit and healthy.
2. He played WELL during the tournament even though he lost.
3. It’s GOOD to check your tyres before going on a long car journey.
4. Eurgh! This is horrible! I thought you said the soup here was GOOD!
5. Juan can speak English WELL, but he is not so GOOD at writing.
6. She is a GOOD friend – she’s always there when I need her.
7. Most people do not sleep very WELL if they drink coffee just before they go to bed.

 


 

participle-clauses-exercises

Participle clauses exercises

Participle clauses exercises

Before attempting these exercises, we recommend you take a look at the introductory lesson first. Click here to read the lesson.

Participle clauses exercisesRe-write the following into a single sentence using a participle clause.

NOTE: More than one answer may be possible. If you have a different answer to those given, post it in the comments section below and we’ll let you know.

1. Sue was lying in the sun. She got sunburned.

Show the answer

Lying in the sun, Sue got sunburned.

2. John has just retired. He is now able to spend more time gardening.

Show the answer

Having just retired, John is now able to spend more time gardening.

3. They bought their cinema tickets. Then they went to find a seat.

Show the answer

Having bought their tickets, they went to find a seat.

4. The student sat in front of the computer and wrote his essay.

Show the answer

Sitting in front of the computer, the student wrote his essay.

5. Some people argue against school uniforms. They feel children should wear what they want to.

Show the answer

Arguing against school uniforms, some people feel children should wear what they want to.

6. Some students are disappointed in their progress at school. These students often do not go into further education.

Show the answer

Disappointed in their progress at school, these/some students often do not go into further education.

7. Children do not have the maturity to make every choice themselves. A parent or guardian is need to make decisions on their behalf.

Show the answer

Not having the maturity to make every choice themselves, children need a parent or guardian to make decisions on their behalf.

7. I didn’t want to break the law. I called the police instead.

Show the answer

Not wanting to break the law, I called the police instead.

8. John travelled overseas a lot as a teenager. He is more open minded to different cultures.

Show the answer

Having travelled overseas a lot as a teenager, John is more open to different cultures.

adverbs in English

Adverbs in English exercises

Adverbs in English exercises

Have you read the information page on adverbs in English? Click here to read it before you try the adverbs in English exercises.

Complete the adverbs in English exercises below to test your knowledge of adverbs.

Example:

His speech is very slow.

He speaks very  __________________ .

He speaks very slowly.

adverbs in English exercisesAdverbs in English exercises

Complete the adverbs in English exercises below to test your knowledge of adverbs.

1. The rain is very heavy.

It is raining very ________________.

click here to see the answer
It is raining very heavily

 

2. She is a very quick thinker!

She thinks very _____________!

click here to see the answer
She thinks very quickly

 

3. Her dress is so elegant.

She dresses so ____________ .

click here to see the answer
She dresses so elegantly

 

4. He is so rude to customers!

He talks so  __________ to customers.

click here to see the answer
He talks so rudely to customers

 

5. The new manager is extremely pedantic.

The new manager acts extremely ________________.

click here to see the answer
The new manager acts extremely pedantically.

 

6. She was so excited when she was opening her presents!

She opened her presents so ____________________.

click here to see the answer
She opened her presents so excitedly

 

7. He is a very good writer – I love his books.

He writes very _______________ – I love his books.

click here to see the answer
He writes very well – I love his books.

 

8. She is usually early for meetings.

As always, she arrived _______________ for the meeting.

click here to see the answer
As always, she arrived early for the meeting.

 

9. He is such a fast runner!

He runs so _______________ !

click here to see the answer
He runs so fast!

 

10. He died in a tragic accident.

He died _______________ in an accident.

click here to see the answer
He died tragically in an accident.

 

11. I had done a lot of revision so I found the exam very easy.

I had done a lot of revision so I completed the exam _______________ .

click here to see the answer
I had done a lot of revision so I completed the exam easily.

 

12. Although very talented he is very humble when interviewed.

Although very talented he acts  _______________ when interviewed.

click here to see the answer
Although very talented he acts humbly when interviewed.
adverbs in English

Adverbs in English

Adverbs in English

adverbs in EnglishWe use adverbs in English to describe a verb.

Adverbs in English have different uses.

  • Adverbs of manner describe how something happens;
  • Adverbs of place say where something happens;
  • Adverbs of time say when or how often something happens; and,
  • Adverbs of probability describe how sure we are about something that happens.

Adverbs in English – adverbs of manner

We use adverbs of manner to say how something happens (or how something is done).

For example:

The people at the party were chatting happily.
He ate his lunch quickly so he could get back to work.

Adverbs in English – adverbs of place

We use adverbs of place to say where something happens:

I have arranged to meet her there.
We lived in Tokyo for two years.

Adverbs in English – adverbs of time

We use adverbs of time to say when or how often something happens:

He starts work at 8am.
They usually go to the cinema on Tuesday evenings.

Adverbs in English – adverbs of probability

We use adverbs of probability to show how sure we are about something that happens.

  • Maybe he‘ll call when he finishes work.
  • He is definitely coming for dinner on Saturday.

 

Forming adverbs in English

A lot of adverbs in English can be formed from the adjective by adding -ly.

For example:

  • hopeful – hopefully
  • definite – definitely
  • complete – completely

Though if the adjective ends in -y, it usually changes to -i.

For example:

  • happy – happily
  • easy – easily
  • pretty – prettily

Adjectives that end in -le change to -ly after a consonant when forming the adverb.

For example:

  • idle – idly
  • able – ably
  • humble – humbly

If the adjective form ends in -ic, in most cases you can add -ally to make the adverb.

For example:

tragic – tragically

periodic – periodically

Note: public – publicly is an exception to this rule.

 

Irregular adverbs in English

Here is a list of some commonly used adverbs that do not follow the rules above.

adjective adverb
good well – He teaches well. NOT goodly.
fast fast – He drives so fast. NOT fastly.
hard hard – He trains hard three nights a week. NOT hardly.
late late – He arrived late. NOT lately Note: ‘lately’ has a different meaning (recently) e.g. Have you seen her lately?
early early
daily daily
straight straight

Click here to try the adverbs in English exercises.

future and past

Future simple exercises

Future simple exercises

Have you read the information page on the future simple tense (‘will‘ and ‘(be) going to‘)? Click here to read it before you try the future simple exercises.

Remember to register to get email updates.

 

Complete the future simple exercises below with the ‘will‘ or ‘(be) going to‘ form to test your knowledge of the future simple tense.

future simple exercisesExample:

Person A: “I’m so hungry!”

Person B: “Are you? I __________________ (make) you a sandwich.”

Are you? I‘ll make you a sandwich.

Future simple exercises – ‘will’ and ‘(be) going to’

Complete the future simple exercises below using either the ‘will‘ or ‘(be) going to‘ form.

1. Do you think our new teacher ____________ (be) as nice as our old one?

click here to see the answer
Do you think our new teacher will be as nice as our old one? – ‘will’ for prediction

 

2. Take an umbrella with you when you go out. Look at the clouds it _____________ (rain)!

click here to see the answer
Look at the clouds it’s going to rain! – ‘going to’ for future based on present evidence

 

3. I heard last week that Susan has had a baby so I ____________ (visit) her tomorrow.

click here to see the answer
I heard last week that Susan has had a baby so I’m going to visit her tomorrow. – ‘going to’ for plan / decision made before the time of speaking

 

4. Person A: “Can I speak to Sam please?”

Person B: “Sorry, he’s in a meeting.”

Person A: “Okay, I __________ (call) him again later.”

click here to see the answer
Okay, I’ll call him again later. – ‘will’ for decision made at the time of speaking

 

5. Jane _________ (be) 21 next week. Where has the time gone?

click here to see the answer
Jane will be 21 next week. – ‘will’ for future fact

 

6. Jane ____________ (have) a party; she sent out the invitations yesterday.

click here to see the answer
Jane is going to have a party. – ‘going to’ for plan / decision made before the time of speaking

 

7. Person A: “I had a horrible day at work.”

Person B: “Did you? I _________ (take) you out for dinner, that should help to cheer you up!”

click here to see the answer
I’ll take you out for dinner, that should help to cheer you up! – ‘will’ for decision made at the time of speaking

 

8. I _________ (buy) a new car next week now I’ve saved enough money.

click here to see the answer
I’m going to buy a new car next week now I’ve saved enough money. – ‘going to’ for plan / decision made before the time of speaking

 

9. We ___________ (probably / already / be) at the hotel by the time you arrive.

click here to see the answer
We will probably already be at the hotel by the time you arrive. – ‘will’ for prediction

 

10. He hasn’t studied at all. He __________ (not / pass) his exams!

click here to see the answer
He hasn’t studied at all. He isn’t going to pass his exams! – ‘going to’ for future based on present evidence

 

11. Person A: “Would you like tea or coffee?”

Person B: “I _________ (have) a cup of tea please.”

click here to see the answer
I’ll have a cup of tea please. – ‘will’ for decision made at the time of speaking

 

12. You are so lucky going on holiday to Greece! You ___________ (have) a lovely time.

click here to see the answer
You will have a lovely time. – ‘will’ for prediction

 

13. Sorry I can’t talk at the moment. I have to go, I ___________ (help) Nicola with her homework.

click here to see the answer
 I‘m going to help Nicola with her homework. – ‘going to’ for plan / decision made before the time of speaking

 

14. I ___________ (send) you a text as soon as we arrive!

click here to see the answer
 I‘ll send you a text as soon as we arrive. – future promise.

 

15. Person A: “I don’t understand this question.”

Person B: “What is it? Let me have a look.  I __________ (help) you.”

click here to see the answer
I’ll help you. – ‘will’ for decision made at the time of speaking

 

16. The ground is so slippery. Be careful – you ___________ (fall over) in those shoes!

click here to see the answer
Be careful – you‘re going to fall over in those shoes! – ‘going to’ for future based on present evidence
conditional_sentences

Conditional sentences exercises

Conditional sentences exercises

Have you read the information page on conditional sentences? Click here to read it before you try the conditional sentences exercises.

Remember to register to get email updates.

 

conditional sentences exercisesComplete the conditional sentences exercises below to test your knowledge of conditionals.

1st conditional example:

If he __________________ (get) the job, he ___________ (be) very happy .

If he gets the job, he will be very happy.

 

Conditional sentences exercises – zero conditional

Complete the conditional sentences exercises below using the zero conditional form.

1. If you _____________ (heat) water to 100 degrees Celsius, it _____________ (boil).

click here to see the answer
If you heat water to 100 degrees Celsius, it boils.

 

2. If I _____________ (ask) my dog to sit, he _____________ (obey) me.

click here to see the answer
If I ask my dog to sit, he obeys me.

 

3. You _____________ (need) travel insurance if you _____________ (go) on holiday overseas.

click here to see the answer
You need travel insurance if you go on holiday overseas.

 

4. If people _____________ (not exercise), they _____________ (become) unfit.

click here to see the answer
If people don’t exercise, they become unfit.

 

5. I _____________ (feel) better if I _____________ (eat) well, .

click here to see the answer
I feel better if I eat well.

 

Conditional sentences exercises – first conditional

Complete the conditional sentences exercises below using the first conditional form.

6. If I _____________ (find) her phone number, I _____________ (send) it to you.

click here to see the answer
If I find her phone number, I will send it to you.

 

7. He _____________ (feel) ill if he _____________ (eat) all those sweets!

click here to see the answer
He will feel ill if he eats all those sweets!

 

8. If you _____________ (talk) to him, he _____________ (understand) your problem.

click here to see the answer
If you talk to him, he will understand your problem.

 

9. I _____________ (visit) you if I  _____________ (come) to your hometown next year.

click here to see the answer
I will visit you if I come to your hometown next year.

 

10. If she _____________ (finish) work late, she _____________ (meet) us at the restaurant.

click here to see the answer
If she finishes work late, she will meet us at the restaurant.

 

Conditional sentences exercises – second conditional

Complete the conditional sentences exercises below using the second conditional form.

11. If I _____________ (know) how to contact him, I _____________ (tell) him the news.

click here to see the answer
If I knew how to contact him, I would tell him the news.

 

12. If he _____________ (ask) her to marry him, she _____________ (say) ‘yes’.

click here to see the answer
If he asked her to marry him, she would say ‘yes’.

 

13. He _____________ (not make) so many mistakes if he _____________ (listen) to instructions.

click here to see the answer
He would not make so many mistakes if he listened to instructions.

 

14. I _____________ (buy) a boat if I _____________ (have) more money.

click here to see the answer
I would buy a boat if I had more money.

 

15. If he _____________ (try) it, he  _____________ (like) it!

click here to see the answer
If he tried it, he would like it!

 

Conditional sentences exercises – third conditional

Complete the conditional sentences exercises below using the third conditional form.

16. If I _____________ (see) him last week, I _____________ (invite) him.

click here to see the answer
If I had seen him last week, I would have invited him.

 

17. If I _____________ (know) you were in trouble, I _____________ (help) you.

click here to see the answer
If I had known you were in trouble, I would have helped you.

 

18. I _____________ (never met) you if  _____________ (not go) to that party!

click here to see the answer
I would never have met you if I hadn’t gone to that party!

 

19. If I _____________ (take) my car for a service, it  _____________ (not break down) last night.

click here to see the answer
If I had taken my car for a service, it would not have broken down last night.

 

20. She _____________ (not gone) there if I _____________ (warn) her.

click here to see the answer
She wouldn’t have gone there if I had warned her.

 

use_of_articles

Using articles in English – exercises

Using articles in English – exercises

Have you read the information pages on articles? Click here to read it before you try the articles exercises.

Remember to register to get email updates.

Complete the articles exercises below to test your knowledge.

Articles exercises practice (Level A1)

Complete the articles exercises by choosing the correct option (a), (b), (c) or (d) to complete each of the sentences with ‘a‘, ‘an‘, ‘the‘ or no article ‘Ø‘.

Using articles in English - exercises1. I am going shopping to buy ____ new jacket.

(a) a    (b) an   (c)  the

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is A.

 

2. That is ____ man I was telling you about.

(a) a    (b) an   (c)  the   (d)  no article ‘Ø’

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is C.

 

3. I read ____ brilliant book last week!

(a) a    (b) an   (c)  the   (d)  no article ‘Ø’

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is A.

 

4. I went to ____ great Italian restaurant last night.

(a) a    (b) an   (c)  the   (d)  no article ‘Ø’

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is A.

 

5. ____ town I grew up in is in the middle of England.

(a) a    (b) an   (c)  the   (d)  no article ‘Ø’

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is C.

 

6. Winston Churchill was ____ famous English Prime Minister.

(a) a    (b) an   (c)  the   (d)  no article ‘Ø’

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is A.

 

7. Could you lend me ____ jacket please? It’s so cold.

(a) a    (b) an   (c)  the   (d)  no article ‘Ø’

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is A.

 

8. ____ moon looks beautiful tonight; it’s so bright!

(a) a    (b) an   (c)  the   (d)  no article ‘Ø’

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is C.

 

9. I’ll pick you up in ____ hour.

(a) a    (b) an   (c)  the   (d)  no article ‘Ø’

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is B.

 

10. I have two dogs. ____ smaller one is three years old

(a) a    (b) an   (c)  the   (d)  no article ‘Ø’

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is C.
prepositions_of_place_2

Prepositions of place exercises (A1)

Prepositions of place exercises (A1)

Have you read the information pages on prepositions of place? Click here to read it before you try these prepositions of place exercises.

Remember to register to get email updates!

Complete the prepositions of place exercises below to test your knowledge.

prepositions of place exercisesPrepositions of place exercises practice

Complete the sentences with ‘at‘, ‘on‘, or  ‘in‘.

1. I am from London but I live ___________ Manchester.

click here to see the answer
IN

 

2. The TV guide is  _________ page 3 of this newspaper.

click here to see the answer
ON

 

4. Please pick up all those clothes you have left _________ the floor.

click here to see the answer
ON

 

5. My dog always waits __________ the door for me to come home.

click here to see the answer
Correct answer is AT.

 

6. I talked to the person next to me __________ the train.

click here to see the answer
ON

 

7. We sat down ________ the armchairs in the hotel reception.

click here to see the answer
IN (sit on a chair, but IN an armchair)

 

8. Look _________ the cupboard – there should be plenty of glasses there.

click here to see the answer
IN
prepositions_of_time

Prepositions of time exercises (A1)

Prepositions of time exercises (A1)

Have you read the information pages on prepositions of time? Click here to read it before you try the prepositions of time exercises.

Remember to register to get email updates.

Complete the prepositions of time exercises below to test your knowledge.

prepositions of time exercisesPrepositions of time exercises practice

Complete the sentences with ‘at‘, ‘on‘,  or ‘in‘.

1. I start work ___________ 9am.

click here to see the answer
AT

 

2. I’ll give you a call __________ lunchtime.

click here to see the answer
AT

 

3. I start my new job __________ Monday.

click here to see the answer
ON

 

5. We always have a family dinner ___________ Christmas.

click here to see the answer
AT

 

6. The weather is warm in New Zealand ___________ February.

click here to see the answer
IN

 

7. He never goes out ___________ night.

click here to see the answer
AT

 

8. I always exercise _________ the morning.

click here to see the answer
IN

 

10. It’s my birthday  _________ July 22nd.

click here to see the answer
ON

 

11. I was born _________ 1990.

click here to see the answer
IN

 

12. We are going out to dinner __________ my birthday.

click here to see the answer
ON
passive-voice

Passive voice exercises

Passive voice exercises

Have you read the information page on the passive voice? Click here to read it before you try the passive voice exercises.

Remember to register to get email updates.

Complete the passive voice exercises below to test your knowledge.

Passive voice exercises practice

passive voice exercisesComplete the passive voice exercises by changing the active sentences to the passive voice form.

1. They sell magazines in the mall.

click here to see the answer
Magazines are sold in the mall. Note: ‘by them’ is not necessary – the key point is where the magazines are sold (in the mall).

 

2. The chef bakes all bread on the premises.

click here to see the answer
All bread is baked on the premises. Note: ‘by the chef’ is not necessary (it is obvious) – the key point is that bread is made on the premises.

 

3. The garage is fixing my car at the moment.

click here to see the answer
My car is being fixed by the garage at the moment. Note: ‘by the garage’ could be left out – the key point is probably that the car is not available at the moment.

 

4. Someone has handed in my lost wallet.

click here to see the answer
My lost wallet has been handed in. Note: ‘by someone’ is not necessary – the key point is that the wallet has been handed in.

 

5. The teacher has graded all of our assignments.

click here to see the answer
All of our assignments have been graded by the teacher. Note: ‘by the teacher’ could be left out – it is obvious and the key point is that the assignments have been graded.

 

6. The local newspaper reported the story

click here to see the answer
The story was reported by the local newspaper. Note: ‘by the local newspaper’ adds specific information about which newspaper reported the story.

 

7. The truck damaged my car in the accident.

click here to see the answer
My car was damaged by the truck in the accident. Note: ‘by the truck’ adds specific information about which vehicle damaged the car – it could be left out if the speaker is mainly concerned about the damaged car and not what caused the damage.

 

8. His auntie was looking after him while his parents were away.

click here to see the answer
He was being looked after by his auntie while his parents were away. Note: ‘by his auntie’ adds specific information about who looked after him.

 

9.  They had already sold all the tickets when I tried to buy some.

click here to see the answer
All the tickets had already been sold when I tried to buy some. Note: ‘by them’ is not necessary – the key point is the fact that there were no tickets left.

 

10. They will make a decision tomorrow.

click here to see the answer
A decision will be made tomorrow. Note: ‘by them’ is not necessary – the key point is the fact that a decision will be made.

 

11. They are going to make four people redundant.

click here to see the answer
Four people are going to be made redundant. Note: ‘by them’ is not necessary – the key point is the fact that four people are going to lose their jobs.

 

12. They will have finished all the work by the time we get there.

click here to see the answer
All the work will have been finished by the time we get there. Note: ‘by them’ is not necessary – the key point is the fact that all the work will have been finished.