Extend your English vocabulary #1

Extend your English vocabulary #1 Regular posts with a new word, the pronuciation and example sentences. Word: FLUCTUATE Pronounced: FLUC-tu-ate (click below to listen)   Word type: verb (the noun is fluctuation) Meaning: To rise and fall irregularly Example: Exchange rates fluctuate every day, with the US dollar sometimes falling. [wpw_follow_author_me author_id=”1″ disablecount=”true” followtext=”Click here … Read moreExtend your English vocabulary #1

Inversion

Inversion To emphasise a particular part of a sentence, or to make your writing more literary (such as in a poem or novel), you can invert the traditional order of a sentence. For example: Standard order – He didn’t realise he had been tricked until the following day.Inverted order – Not until the following day did he … Read moreInversion

The subjunctive

The subjunctive The subjunctive is a grammar form that has no plural form or past form. It is generally used when something is considered important or desirable. It is part of a highly formal style of English often referred to as ‘The Queen’s English’. For example: It is essential that every child have educational opportunities. … Read moreThe subjunctive

Participle clauses

Participle clauses Participle clauses are used in some tenses, but they also have another use – they can combine information into one sentence. Participle clauses often express condition, reason, cause, result or time. For example: Jim walked past the old school. He got to the shop. > Walking past the old school, Jim got to … Read moreParticiple clauses

Causative verbs

Causative verbs Causative verbs, as the name suggests, are used when we want to talk about somebody causing something to take place but not actually performing the action. In sentences including causative verbs, the subject does not perform the action. Compare the causative to active and passive sentences: Example Meaning Type of sentence I had … Read moreCausative verbs

English idioms

English idioms English idioms are used in speech or when writing informally. Many English speakers use idioms – certain phrases or expressions that may be difficult to understand. English idioms are best used in a more ‘relaxed’ type of speech or communication. English idioms are expressions that have a meaning of their own, and where … Read moreEnglish idioms

Reported speech

Reported speech Reported speech, also called indirect speech, is what happens when we are telling someone about what another person said. Here is an example of direct and reported speech: Direct speech: I don’t like this party. Reported or indirect speech: He said (that) he didn’t like the party. When changing direct speech into reported … Read moreReported speech