To write well in English, you need to be able to connect your ideas – you can do this by using linking words.
Using linking words in the right place makes your work more academic, and can also help when reading more academic texts.
Here are some examples of linking words:
I like tea. I like coffee.
- I like tea and coffee.
I like tea. I don’t like orange juice.
- I like tea but I don’t like orange juice.
He is a brilliant teacher. He is very kind.
- Not only is he a brilliant teacher but he is also very kind.
I didn’t study enough for the exam. I didn’t pass.
- I didn’t study enough for the exam; as a result, I didn’t pass.
Sales were very low last year. A number of staff were made redundant.
- Sales were very low last year; consequently, a number of staff were made redundant.
There are lots of ways you can connect your ideas using linking words.
The best way to practice linking words is to type them into a search engine (like Google for example) followed by the word ‘quotes’ and seeing how the words are used in the search results.
List of linking words
not only…but also
As well as
|Cause and effect||So|
As a result
As a consequence
|Sequence||First / firstly, second / secondly, third / thirdly|
Particularly / in particular
That is ( also ‘i.e’)
|Comparison||In the same way|
In the same manner
The same as
Compared to / with
Despite / in spite of
In contrast (to)
On the other hand
On the contrary