IELTS word of the day Set 1 word 4

WORD: accumulate


MEANING: To gather, pile, collect.

EXAMPLE: Over his long career, he had accumulated a large number of awards.

STRESS: ac-CUM-u-late

Pronunciation (click the play button below)

Quick test. Rearrange the words below to create an accurate sentence. HINT: The capital letters and full stops can help you rebuild the sentence!

1. accumulate / difficult / Dust / clean. / to / areas / it / in / is / where / can

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Dust can accumulate in areas where it is difficult to clean.


2. the / wealth world, / people / In / focus / too / lifestyle. / than / much / on / accumulating / some / rather  / a / good / material

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In the material world, some people focus too much on accumulating wealth rather than a good lifestyle.

3. people / throw / away, / this / useless / results / them / Some / accumulating / an / in / increasing / amount / never / and / of / items. / things

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Some people never throw things away, and this results in them accumulating an increasing amount of useless items.

WORD: amend


MEANING: to change or alter.

EXAMPLE: He amended his earlier statement because he had missed some important details.


Pronunciation (click the play button below)

Quick test. Complete the sentences below using the most appropriate form of ‘amend’.


He will have to his answer because it wasn’t long enough.

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I’m working hard on the changes now and I it completely by tomorrow morning.

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will have amended


They had said that they didn’t know about the robbery, but they  just   their statement.

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have (just) amended

WORD: anticipate


MEANING: to feel, realise or expect something in the future before it has happened

EXAMPLE: He sold all his shares because he anticipated a fall in the market.

STRESS: an-TIC-i-pate

Pronunciation (click the play button below)

Quick test. Are the sentences below LOGICALLY correct?


1. John anticipated that it would be bad weather so he took his warmest coat.

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This is logical – if John expected bad weather, he would want to be warm!


2. The company did not anticipate how harsh the recession would be, so they immediately started saving money.

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This is NOT LOGICAL – the company did not realise that the recession would be so bad they wouldn’t have started saving money as a result.


3. The project has been delayed and will now be completed in 4 months, which is 2 months longer than anticipated.

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This is logical. If the project was delayed, it makes sense that it will take longer than anticipated.

WORD: abandon


MEANING: to withdraw support from, to stop trying to continue something.

EXAMPLE (verb): The fishermen had to abandon their ship and escape to safety because of the storm.


Pronunciation (click the play button below)

Quick test. Is the use of abandon correct in these sentences?


1. There were difficulties in getting enough workers spare parts, so the project was abandoned.

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This is a good use of abandon.


2. They had to go even though he hadn’t finished, so he abandoned the last of his coffee.

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This is not correct. The most suitable word here would be ‘left’.


3. They abandoned the baby outside the hospital.

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This is a a good use of abandon.


4. He abandoned the baby at the child care centre until 4pm and went to work.

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This is not correct. To abandon means to leave completely, but ion this sentence the man is returning at 4pm.

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